The majestic silence of the snowy ridges in the mountains, the shady forest of slender Tien Shan spruces, the foamy waterfalls and numerous crystal-clear mountain lakes, beautiful green landscapes, including Suusamyr Valley, with yurts, herds of horses, numerous species of flora and fauna, all attract many tourists to Kyrgyzstan.
One of the best known and most popular resorts is Lake Issyk-Kul, which means “the hot lake”. Despite the fact that the lake is located high in the mountains, it never freezes, the water temperature in summer reaches 24 degrees Celsius (75 degrees Fahrenheit). The entire coast of the lake is surrounded by sandy beaches, the crystal clear lake surface, combined with the fresh mountain air creates a unique microclimate, similar to the sea. Near the coast there are many hot mineral springs and therapeutic muds.
Kyrgyzstan attracts foreign tourists as it is a part of the Great Silk Road. Kyrgyzstan was the “bridge” between the West and the East; there are three branches of the famous Silk Road running through the country: Pamir – Altai, southern and northern routes through the snowy mountain passes Temir –Too, and the Pamir.
Since olden times Kyrgyz lands were part of highly developed, civilized areas of Central Asia and served as a “terminal ” base in intercontinental trade. The development of trade led to the interpenetration of cultures, and subsequently, to the growth of cities, and the development of science and crafts. One of these cultural centers at the crossroads of caravan routes is the ancient city of Osh.
Main types of tourism