IRAN

 

Iran, also called Persia, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Iran is divided into five regions with thirty-one provinces (ostān), each governed by an appointed governor (ostāndār). The provinces are divided into counties (šahrestān), and subdivided into districts (baxš) and sub-districts (dehestān).

Map No Division Capital Populat.
1 Region 1 Tehran 23,343,033
2 Region 2 Isfahan 12,973,089
3 Region 3 Tabriz 12,782,820
4 Region 4 Kermanshah 11,739,552
5 Region 5 Mashhad 13,145,227

 

URBAN CENTERS

Rank City Population
1 Tehran 8,693,706
2 Mashhad 3,001,184
3 Isfahan 1,961,260
4 Karaj 1,592,492
5 Shiraz 1,565,572
6 Tabriz 1,558,693
7 Qom 1,201,158
8 Ahwaz 1,184,788
9 Kermanshah 946,651
10 Urmia 736,224

The population of Iran is 82.5 million (2018).

 

HERITAGE SITES

Iran has seen an increase in the number of annual visitors over the past few years, and the lifting of economic sanctions is sure to attract even more. Home to one of the oldest civilizations, Iran has no shortage of sites to see. When it comes to UNESCO World Heritage Sites, it boasts an impressive 24 registered cultural sites. Palaces, bazaars, places of worship, ancient water systems, and remnants of the great Persian Empire dominate this list. 

 

CLIMATE

Having 11 climates out of the world's 13, Iran's climate is diverse, ranging from arid and semi-arid, to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests. On the northern edge of the country (the Caspian coastal plain), temperatures rarely fall below freezing and the area remains humid for the rest of the year. Summer temperatures rarely exceed 29°C (84.2°F). Annual precipitation is 680 mm (26.8 in) in the eastern part of the plain and more than 1,700 mm (66.9 in) in the western part. 

To the west, settlements in the Zagros basin experience lower temperatures, severe winters with below zero average daily temperatures and heavy snowfall. The eastern and central basins are arid, with less than 200 mm (7.9 in) of rain, and have occasional deserts. Average summer temperatures rarely exceed 38°C (100.4°F). The coastal plains of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in southern Iran have mild winters, and very humid and hot summers. The annual precipitation ranges from 135 to 355 mm (5.3 to 14.0 in).

Location

July (°C)

July (°F)

January (°C)

January (°F)

Tehran

37/24

99/75

7/−1

45/30

Isfahan

36/22

97/72

9/−2

48/28

Shiraz

38/20

100/68

12/0

54/32

Tabriz

33/20

91/68

1/−7

34/19

 

WILDLIFE

 

TOURISM

Tourism in Iran is diverse, providing a range of activities from hiking and skiing in the Alborz and Zagros mountains, to beach holidays by the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. The Iranian government has made concerted efforts to attract tourists to the various destinations in the country and arrivals have increased in recent years.

Iran has tried to improve its complex and time-consuming visa application process and started to issue week-long visas for the nationals of 68 countries at airports. Visas can now be secured electronically and be collected from Iranian consulates or international airports.

 

WELCOME TO IRAN!